Madagascar

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Madagascar / Sambava: Scattered clouds

Clove

  1. The Plant

The clove (Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb) is a tree from the family of Myrtaceae, native to the Moluccas Islands, Indonesia.

The shaft is of conical shape. It can reach 12 to 20m.

Its leaves are evergreen, evergreen oval.

The flowers have four petals pinkish white color, attached to red sepals. But it is the unhatched buds that are harvested to make cloves bud, the main product of Clove.

Over all its parts (flower, leaf, stem, etc.), Clove give a characteristic odor of Eugenol.

  1. The cultivation

Introduced in Madagascar during the 19th century by Pierre Poivre, Clove cultivation has really started in the early 20th century to be further developped later on most of the east coast of Madagascar from the area of Vangaindrano (Atsimo-Antsinanana region) going through Analanjirofo region up to south Vohemar (SAVA region). The larger share the production comes from the regions of Analanjirofo,  Atsinanana, Vatovavy-Fitovinany and Atsimo-Atsinanana.

Even though known by farmers, Clove's plantation remains traditional.

The tree's production is optimal among 20 years. The tree gives maximum performance every 4 to 6 years.

  1. Production

Madagascar is the second world's largest Cloves producer, with an annual average production of  12 000 MT. Trimeta Agro Food exports mainly to Singapore, India, Europe and the USA.

Click here to see the Clove Buds specifications 

Clove is used in many sectors, including :


The pharmaceutical industry and medical
  • Oral Antiseptic and anesthetic  
  • Healing and Antifungal 
  • Calming respiratory (asthma, for example) 
  • Soothing gastric (digestive disorders, colic, flatulence, etc.) 
  • Fat Burner
The chemical industry
  • Production of eugenol. 
  • Manufacture of toothpaste 
  • Production of synthetic vanillin 
  • Raw material for cosmetics and perfumery
The snuffbox industry

Production of the Indonesian cigarette Kretek called. This use would absorb most of World Production (95% of the production of cloves).

Recipes
  • Clove is a spice widely used especially in Asia. Because of its powerful scent that we only use small doses in various recipes. 
  • The Clove is a component of curry 
  • It is used in gingerbread, sauerkraut stew, the khimo, etc. 
  • Clove is used in combination with other spices in the pastry and biscuits.
Other Uses
  • Cloves cleans the air in a wardrobe and eliminates bad odors on lingerie. It replaces the  naphthalines balls.
  • Cloves hunt crawling insects such as ants and cockroaches.
  • Clean Air (protection against infections such as plague, cholera, malaria, etc.) by throwing a few buds in an open space.
  • Clove is a good fat burner and would be an aphrodisiac
Essential Oils
The Clove gives 3 types of essential oils:
  • Essential oils of Clove leaf;
  • Essential oils of Clove Stem;
  • Essential oil of Clove Bud

Clove

  1. The Plant

The clove (Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb) is a tree from the family of Myrtaceae, native to the Moluccas Islands, Indonesia.

The shaft is of conical shape. It can reach 12 to 20m.

Its leaves are evergreen, evergreen oval.

The flowers have four petals pinkish white color, attached to red sepals. But it is the unhatched buds that are harvested to make cloves bud, the main product of Clove.

Over all its parts (flower, leaf, stem, etc.), Clove give a characteristic odor of Eugenol.

  1. The cultivation

Introduced in Madagascar during the 19th century by Pierre Poivre, Clove cultivation has really started in the early 20th century to be further developped later on most of the east coast of Madagascar from the area of Vangaindrano (Atsimo-Antsinanana region) going through Analanjirofo region up to south Vohemar (SAVA region). The larger share the production comes from the regions of Analanjirofo,  Atsinanana, Vatovavy-Fitovinany and Atsimo-Atsinanana.

Even though known by farmers, Clove's plantation remains traditional.

The tree's production is optimal among 20 years. The tree gives maximum performance every 4 to 6 years.

  1. Production

Madagascar is the second world's largest Cloves producer, with an annual average production of  12 000 MT. Trimeta Agro Food exports mainly to Singapore, India, Europe and the USA.

Click here to see the Clove Buds specifications 

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